Part II. Stop Shocking Our Mothers and Grandmothers! Antipsychiatry Perspectives on a Feminist Anti-Shock Campaign
On Mother’s Day 2007, in Toronto, the Coalition Against Psychiatric Assault (CAPA) organized a public, arts-based demonstration against electroshock therapy, specifically for its use on women. The presenters will explain why anti-psychiatry activists are framing electroshock as a feminist issue and discuss strategies used in planning the demonstration. Video footage and photographs taken at the demonstration will be shown to provide examples of how art was used to support the campaign message. There will also be discussion about future directions for feminist organizing against electroshock and how anti-psychiatry, psychiatric survivor, and other social justice organizations can support this campaign in their local contexts.
Trends in the Treatment and Governance of Psychiatric Afflictions in the Criminal Justice System
Christie Barron. Sociology, University of Calgary
Rehabilitating Violent Girls in the Age of Risk
In this paper I analyze the various ways risk governance has impacted the rehabilitation and treatment of the young violent girl. Drawing on interview and file data collected in three youth custody centres, I question the meaning of rehabilitation as reflected in the treatment models used for the ‘highest risk’ girls both inside and outside the institution. For example, I consider how risk governance has complicated traditional ‘psy’ diagnoses. In addition to cognitive skills and anger management programs, which teach the girls to restructure their modes of thought, trauma counseling is presented as taking place through a therapeutic alliance between the psychologist and the young woman. However, as the stories from the young women reveal, a relation of trust cannot be established when the psychologist is evaluating the girls’ traumatic experiences in terms of risk. The girls point out that their disclosure may elevate their level of risk which has detrimental consequences in either their custody or community case plan. Moreover, for girls who are deemed unmanageable in the institution, there are “behaviour modification” treatment measures which include inhumane amounts of isolation. Overall, it is the contention of this paper that once incarcerated, young female offenders convicted of a violent offence are placed at risk through the effects of current treatment practices.