CRC/C/GC/12 page 19
serves to promote individual development, enhance family relations and support children’s socialization and plays a preventive role against all forms of violence in the home and family.
The Convention recognizes the rights and responsibilities of parents, or other
legal guardians, to provide appropriate direction and guidance to their children (see para. 84 above), but underlines that this is to enable the child to exercise his or her rights and requires that direction and guidance are undertaken in a manner consistent
with the evolving capacities of the child.
States parties should encourage, through legislation and policy, parents,
guardians and childminders to listen to children and give due weight to their views in matters that concern them. Parents should also be advised to support children in realizing the right to express their views freely and to have children’s views duly taken
into account at all levels of society.
In order to support the development of parenting styles respecting the child’s
right to be heard, the Committee recommends that States parties promote parent education programmes, which build on existing positive behaviours and attitudes and
disseminate information on the rights of children and parents enshrined in the Convention.
Such programmes need to address:
− − − − −
The relationship of mutual respect between parents and children; The involvement of children in decision-making; The implication of giving due weight to the views of every family member; The understanding, promotion and respect for children’s evolving capacities; Ways of dealing with conflicting views within the family.
These programmes have to reinforce the principle that girls and boys have
equal rights to express their views.
The media should play a strong role in communicating to parents that their
children’s participation is of high value for the children themselves, their families and
In alternative care
Mechanisms must be introduced to ensure that children in all forms of
alternative care, including in institutions, are able to express their views and that those views be given due weight in matters of their placement, the regulations of care in foster families or homes and their daily lives. These should include:
− Legislation providing the child with the right to information about any placement, care and/or treatment plan and meaningful opportunities to express her or his views and for those views to be given due weight throughout the decision-making process;