brief overview of the Pan-Americanism campaign launched by the Office of Inter-American
Affairs and Nelson Rockefeller in the 1940s. This pro-war propaganda (mainly in the form of
periodicals) created sympathy for the United States in México, and such feelings turned into
sentiments of support.
World War II was the event that forever changed the relationship between the United
States and México. For México it was a matter of national and fiscal security, and national pride.
The Mexican Fighter Squadron 201 is recognized as the only Mexican fighter group to take part
in overseas combat and this demonstrates the transnational effects of World War II. The
propaganda reviewed proved that México too experienced the social and economic hardships of
war. This paper contributes to the growing analysis of U.S.-México relations during World War
II, a topic often left out of military history research.
Previous research on U.S.-México Collaboration during World War II is scarce but
available. The sources used provide a well-rounded analysis of the war affair between these
essentially very different countries. Sources include monographs, dissertations, and scholarly
articles as well as primary sources and ethnographical data. While some sources cover the topic
in a more general manner others are specifically about the Mexican Fighter Squadron 201.
Friedrich E. Schuller in MÉXICO Between Hitler and Roosevelt: Mexican Foreign
Relations in the Age of Lazaro Cardenas, 1934-1940 presents a detailed analysis of Cardenismo
and shows the unstable relationship that México had with the United States prior to World War
II. His work contains a vast amount of background information.