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information from Paz’s and Tudor’s work, so it is essentially a summary of what they have

already written. He includes basic themes such as the goal for the United States to join México

as collaborator. He also talks about President Camacho’s perseverance in sending Mexican

troops to the Pacific Theater. México and Brazil were the only Latin American countries to

provide combat troops in World War II and this had a symbolic effect, especially in the case of

México.

World War II and a New Form of Pan-Americanism

President Roosevelt had attempted to improve relations with Latin America by

implementing policies such as the Good Neighbor policy as early as 1933. This policy stated

that the United States would be a “good neighbor” to the Americas and would not impose their

power over any Latin American country. President Roosevelt pushed to erase the notions of

United States imperialism by calling this new campaign: Inter-Americanism. The United States

would serve as aid to these countries if necessary and Latin American leaders would be

recognized and welcomed in Washington.1 This created great acceptance for President

Roosevelt in Latin America, and the relationship between the United States and México

strengthened.2

This campaign of politics and diplomacy soon became a cultural and propaganda

endorsement. The United States intended to introduce propaganda that cultivated a positive

image of the United States in Latin America. Private organizations such as the Rockefeller

Foundation, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and the Institute of International

Education focused became important philanthropic groups in Latin America. In 1940, the Office

1 2

John Edwin Fagg, Latin America: A General History (London: The Macmillan Company, 1969), 766-767. John Edwin Fagg, Pan Americanism (Florida: Krieger Publishing Company, 1982), 61-63.

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