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TALE OF THREE FUNCTIONS

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TABLE 3. Factor Correlation Matrix

Factor 1. Directive 2. Self–continuity 3. Nurturing Relationships 4. Developing Relationships

1 1.00 .53 .46 .36

Factor 2

3

4

1.00 .28 .26

1.00 .12

1.00

Note. Significance levels are not provided for factor intercorrelations.

with the highest loading on this factor assesses the extent to which people share similar past experiences in an effort to make someone else feel better (.68). The other social factor was assigned the label De- veloping Relationships because it seems to reflect AM’s uses in de- veloping new relationships with others. For example, the highest-loading item on this factor assesses the extent to which people use the past to try and learn more about other people (.66).

The factor correlation matrix is reported in Table 3. The matrix re- veals that the Directive factor is moderately correlated with the other factors, but that the Self–continuity, Nurturing Relationships, and Developing Relationships factors are only correlated modestly with each other. This lends further evidence to the broad scope of the di- rective function of AM (Bluck, 2003; Pillemer, 1998).

RELIABILITY AND DESCRIPTIVES

Internal Consistency. Items for each of the four subscales of the TALE that emerged from the EFA are listed in Table 4, along with Cronbach’s alphas for internal consistency of the four subscales. Cronbach’s alphas indicate that the four subscales of the TALE de- rived from the factor analyses have good or very good internal con- sistency, ranging from .70 for the Developing Relationships subscale, which has only three items, to .88 for the Directive subscale, which has 14 items. If only the four items that load highest on the Directive factor were examined to make it comparable in length to the other subscales, it would have a reliability of .73. Thus, the four subscales that resulted from the four–factor EFA appear to be reliable.

Descriptives. Although the EFA does not concern mean level analy- ses, we present such analyses here to provide a descriptive under- standing of the TALE: If a good factor structure emerged, but none of

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