BLUCK ET AL.
TABLE 4. Descriptive Information for the Four TALE Factor Items and Subscales
Item Factor 1: Directive Function/Alpha = .88
Q11 When something unexpected happens to me and I want to fit it into my view of my life.
Q6 When I need to make a life choice and I am uncertain which path to take.
Q5 When I want to learn from my past mistakes.
Q20 When something happens to me and I want to look back to see what caused it.
Q4 When I am facing a challenge and I want to give myself confidence. Q7 When I am searching for a solution to a problem.
Q1 When I feel that if I think about something bad that happened I can learn some lesson from it.
Q18 When I want to re–interpret old events in the light of things that have happened since.
Q9 In order to try to remember advice someone gave me because I don’t know what to do.
Q10 When I want to better understand my current problems. Q19 When I feel down and I want to make myself feel better. Q15 When I want to see if my life has an overall theme. Q3 When I think about my future goals.
Q21 When I want to make myself feel better by talking to others who have had similar past experiences.
Total Factor 2: Self–continuity/Alpha = .80
Q13 When I am concerned about whether I am still the same type of person that I was earlier.
Q14 When I want to understand how I have changed from who I was before.
Q16 When I am concerned about whether my beliefs or values have changed over time.
Q17 When I want to understand who I am now. Total Factor 3: Nurturing Relationships/Alpha = .76
Q22 When I want to make someone else feel better by talking to them about my similar past experiences.
Q28 When I want to help someone by telling them about my own past experiences.
Q25 When I want to strengthen a friendship by sharing old memories with friends.
Total Factor 4: Developing Relationships/Alpha = .70 Q26 When I hope to also learn more about that other person’s life. Q27 When I hope to also find out what that other person is like. Q24 When I want to develop a closer relationship with someone.
Note. 1 to 6 scale: 1 = Never, 2 = Rarely, 3 = Seldom, 4 = Occasionally, 5 = Often, and 6 = Very Frequently. For comparative purposes, items appear in the same order as in Table 2.