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TALE OF THREE FUNCTIONS

107

Problem Solving

.79**

.49**

.36**

.45**

Identity

.63**

.60**

.31**

.39**

Conversation

.31**

.11

.51**

.34**

Intimacy Maintenance

.42*

.24*

.35**

.21

Teach/Inform

.46**

.26*

.43**

.33**

Boredom Reduction

.25*

.14

.07

.19

Bitterness Revival

.28**

.16

.15

.24*

Death Preparation

.37**

.30**

.18

.35**

Note. Only correlations of

at least .50 are interpreted for validation purposes. *p < .004; **p < .001.

Self

Nurturing

Developing

Directive

Continuity

Relationships

Relationships

TABLE 6. Convergent

RFS Subscales

Validity: Correlations Between the TALE and the RFS Subscales

TALE Subscales

the .50 cut–off, the Self–continuity subscale also correlates relatively highly with the RFS Problem Solving subscale, which again indicates the overlap between these two uses of AM.

The Nurturing Relationships subscale correlates with the RFS subscale that represents the theoretical social function of AM (Bluck & Alea, 2002), RFS Conversation (.51), clearly falling in the domain of social functions.

The Developing Relationships subscale of the TALE is correlated with one RFS subscale. Unexpectedly, this correlation is with the RFS Problem Solving subscale rather than with the social func- tion–oriented RFS subscales. It may be that developing relation- ships (e.g., getting to know other people) is seen as a sort of social problem solving (e.g., deciding what to share in order to get to know someone). This relation warrants further investigation. Note that it is not surprising that the Nurturing Relationships and Devel- oping Relationships subscales of the TALE are not highly corre- lated with the RFS Intimacy Maintenance subscale. The Intimacy subscale of the RFS is largely about reminiscing to maintain rela- tionships with people who have passed away, while the TALE subscales are about nurturing and developing current relation- ships. In sum, three of the four theoretically derived TALE factors converge largely as expected with the corresponding empirically derived RFS subscales.

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