BLUCK ET AL.
pirical tale about the functions of autobiographical memory. Though it is a modest attempt, the data presented here provide preliminary support for directive, self, and social functions that have been talked about in the literature since at least the 1970s, but have not often been put to empirical test.
Alea, N., & Bluck, S. (2003). Why are you telling me that? A conceptual model of the social function of autobiographical memory. Memory, 11, 165–178. Baddeley, A. (1987). But what the hell is it for? In M. M. Gruneberg, P. E. Morris, & R. N. Sykes (Eds.), Practical aspects of memory: Current research and issues (pp. 3–18). Chichester, England: Wiley. Barclay, C. R. (1996). Autobiographical remembering: Narrative constraints on objectified selves. In D. C. Rubin (Ed.), Remembering our past: Studies in autobio- graphical memory (pp. 94–125). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bluck, S., (2003). Autobiographical memory: Exploring its functions in everyday life. Memory, 11, 113–123. Bluck, S., & Alea, N. (2002). Exploring the functions of autobiographical memory: Why do I remember the autumn? In J. D. Webster & B. K. Haight (Eds.), Critical advances in reminiscence work (pp. 61–75). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company. Bluck, S., & Glück, J. (2004) Making things better and learning a lesson: “Wisdom of experience” narratives across the lifespan. Journal of Personality, 72, 543–573. Bluck, S., & Levine, L.J. (1998). Reminiscence as autobiographical memory: A catalyst for reminiscence theory development. Ageing and Society, 18, 185–208. Brewer, W.F. (1986). What is autobiographical memory? In D.C. Rubin (Ed.), Autobio- graphical memory (pp. 25–49). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bruce, D. (1989). Functional explanations of memory. In L. W. Poon, D. C. Rubin, & B. A. Wilson (Eds.), Everyday cognition in adulthood and late life (pp. 44–58). Cam- bridge: Cambridge University Press. Bruner, J. (1990). Acts of meaning. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Carstensen, L.L. (1993). Motivation for social contact across the lifespan: A theory of socioemotional selectivity. In J. E. Jacobs (Ed.), Nebraska Symposium on Motiva- tion (pp. 209–254). Lincoln: University of Nebraska. Cattell, R. B. (1966). The meaning and strategic use of factor analysis. In R.B. Cattell (Ed.), Handbook of multivariate experimental psychology (pp. 174–243). Chicago: Rand McNally. Cliff, N., & Hamburger, C.D. (1967). The study of sampling errors in factor analysis by means of artificial experiments. Psychological Bulletin, 68, 430–445. Cohen, G. (1989). Memory in the real world. Hove, England: Erlbaum. Cohen, G. (1998). The effects of aging on autobiographical memory. In C.P. Thomp- son, D.J. Herrmann, D. Bruce, D.J. Read, D.G. Payne, & M.P. Toglia, (Eds.), Au- tobiographical memory: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. 105–123). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Conway, M. A. (1996). Autobiographical knowledge and autobiographical memo-