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Brief Quote Usage and Textual Citations Lecture - page 1 / 4

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Basic Quotation Guidelines

1.

Be selective (use direct quotations only when you need the exact words in the resource; otherwise, use paraphrase or summary. No one wants to read a paper of strung together quotations).

2.

Must introduce or integrate quotations (quotations cannot stand alone as sentences).

3.

Treat quotations as evidence for support and/or clarification of points/ideas.

4.

Do not begin or end paragraphs with quoted material (even in research-based assignments, paragraphs must still adhere to the basic rules of composition and contain topic and concluding sentences).

5.

Fully explain and analyze the significance of the quoted material (nothing is implied and nothing is self-explanatory—connect the quotation to the topic/thesis points).

6.

Block off quotations of more than 4 lines of prose—see handbooks for specific examples.

7.

Make sure that introduced/integrated quotations adhere to the grammatical structure of Standard Written English (avoid fragments, comma splices, run-ons, tense shifts, etc.).

Other standard quotation rules/guidelines covering such areas as quotations within quotations, omitting material from quotations, and inserting material into quotations, and so on can be found in any college grammar handbook.

Brief Quote Usage and Textual Citations Lecture

When you add quotations to your work, it is easier to delete extra information.  Try to cite quotes using the following patterns:

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