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T Anselmo Mine Yard

N Excelsior St in Butte. 497-6275 or 800-735-6814

This is the best surviving example of the surface support facilities that served Butte’s underground copper mines. A guided tour reveals the colorful labor history of miners, pipefitters, carpenters, hoist operators and trainmen. Also on display is the B.A. & P. “Cow & Calf”, a restored G.E. 1909 heavy haul electric locomotive & cars. The mine yard and surrounding Historic District was desig- nated a National Historic Landmark in 1961. The Anselmo is open mid-June to mid-August Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

A statue of Marcus Daly guards the entrance to Montana Tech.

M Montana Tech of The University of Montana

1300 W Park St in Butte. 496-4178 or 800-445-8324. www.mtech.edu

Originally the Montana School of Mines, found- ed in 1895, Montana Tech now offers programs with a focus on the technical sciences. Montana’s Bureau of Mines and Geology, and the Division of Technology have expanded the school’s offerings. The current enrollment is approximately 1,800 students.

11.

Waterloo

Settlers began coming to this area as early as 1864. A woolen mill was started here at one time, but failed. A pottery mill did survive for a while. The story goes the town got its name when a battle ensued over the location of the post office. The settlers thought Waterloo was an appropriate name.

T Renova Hot Springs

Hwy 55 near Waterloo on the Jefferson River

Pools along the shoreline are accessible year-round and located on public land. Volunteers have built the rock pools to allow the water to mix with the seeps that are about 112 degrees F. Due to the changing levels of the river the soaking tempera- tures vary widely throughout the year. Midsummer and early fall are the most ideal times for soaking. The scenery on the river and view of the Tobacco Root Mountains are spectacular.

www.ultimatemontana.com

12.

Silver Star Silver Star is the third oldest town in Montana and took its name from a nearby mining claim. It was at one time the only town between Helena and Virginia City and served as a supply point for sil- ver miners in the area. Legend has it that Edward, Prince of Wales, and the son of Queen Victoria, spent three days at the Silver Star Hotel in 1878.

Now, with a population of about 40, you might think you could blink and miss the town as you drive through. You won’t miss Lloyd Harkin’s place though. Seven acres on Rte 41 are surround- ed by a chain link fence that holds his enormous collection of mining equipment. He once had visions of creating a museum, later deciding that he didn’t want to be tied down.

Today, as folks drive past they won’t miss the seventy-eight-foot head frame that was used to lower cages of workers into a mine shaft or several twenty-one-foot wheels standing upright along the fence line. That’s just part of it. The collection contains tons and tons of mining equipment from the 138 mines that Butte was once home to, and some from a few others. He managed to haul away just about everything imaginable from the mines, except the 4,000 miles of tunnel that still lie under the city of Butte.

The metallic assemblage contains everything from ore cars, pumps, railroad cars, pulleys, gas pumps, and some curious items not necessarily mining related. None of the items are a mystery to Lloyd. He was a miner in Butte for twenty- five years and knows the entire story behind each piece. He’ll buy, sell, or trade for the right deal. You can get a pretty good idea of what just went into all those mines as you drive by. A few of the items were purchased by Walt Disney’s set designers and used in movies. Lloyd’s muse- um never materialized but a great deal of his collection has been donated to Butte’s World Museum of Mining.

D William Clark

August 3, 1805

“in my walk I saw a fresh track which I took to be an Indian,…I think it probable that this Indian Spied our fires and Came to a Situation to view us from the top of a Small knob on the Lard. [left] Side.”

Montana Trivia

The six prospectors who dipped their pans in Alder Creek in 1863 were only looking for enough gold to pay for their tobacco. Over $10 million in gold was eventually taken out of history’s richest placer gold discovery. In today’s dollars that would equal $2.5 billion.

ON THE TRAIL OF LEWIS & CLARK

On July 31, the Expedition reached the third range of mountains which forms anoth- er close canyon. They were out of fresh meat. No game was killed on this day; indeed, no buffalo had been seen since entering the mountains. Lewis wrote: “When we have plenty of fresh meat I find it impossible to make the men take any care of it or use it with the least frugallity. Tho' I expect that necessity will probably teach them this art,”

On Aug. 1, Lewis, and three men, went ahead in search of Indians. Near his camp on the morning of Aug. 3, Clark discovered Indian tracks which he followed to an eleva- tion where the Indians had apparently spied on his camp. But Clark found no Indians.

By now, the arduous task of pulling the eight heavily laden dugouts was taking its toll. At one place a tow line broke, at another they were dragging the vessels over rocks, Clark wrote: “The men were so much fatiegued today that they wished much that navigation was at an end that they might go by: land.”

Lewis reached Big Hole River on Aug. 4, and after some investigation decided this was not the route the Expedition should fol- low. He left a note on a green willow for Clark, telling him not to go that way, but to wait there. By the time Clark's party arrived at the Big Hole River, a beaver had gnawed down the green willow upon which Lewis had left the note, and had taken off with it. Consequently, Clark's party began the diffi- cult task of ascending the swift waters of that treacherous river. One boat turned over and two others filled with water before Lewis' party arrived and told them they would have to return to the Jefferson.

It had been 21 days since they left the Great Falls of the Missouri. The 33 travelers had used up enough provisions to warrant leaving one canoe on shore to be retrieved on me return journey.

13. Food, Lodging

Twin Bridges This town was founded by two brothers, M.H. and John T. Lott. A year after it was established, the brothers built two bridges, one across the Big Hole River and one across the Beaverhead River. Assured that this would be the hub of the valley, they proceeded to build roads to and from the town. 130 years later their descendents still occu- py the valley. The area today is a farming and ranching community. Alfalfa, grains and potatoes grow in the fields surrounded by the Tobacco Root, Highland, McCartney and Ruby Mountains. Near the Twin Bridges school, four Indian trails converged at a natural ford on the Beaverhead.Twin Bridges is now known as a quin- tessential Montana fly fishing town and home to R.L. Winston Rod, internationally known maker of custom fly rods.

The town sits at the conjuncture of four rivers: the Big Hole, Beaverhead, Ruby and Jefferson. When Lewis and Clark camped near here in 1805,

179

Section 6

BUTTE, DILLON, & VIRGINIA CITY AREA

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