the washers; 7th. Take off the bands in order, commencing with the uppermost; 8th. Take out the barrel. In doing this turn the musket horizontally, with the barrel downward, holding it loosely, with the left hand below the rear sight, the right hand grasping the stock by the handle; tap the muzzle on the ground, it necessary to loosen the breach. If an attempt were made to pull the barrel out by the muzzle, it would in case it were wood hound, be liable to split at the head of the stock. The foregoing parts of the rifle-musket are all that should be taken off, or dismounted by the solder.
The breech-screw should be taken out only by an armorer, and never in ordinary cleaning. The mountings, cone and cone seat screw should not be taken off, nor should the lock be taken apart, except by permission of an officer.
To Clean the Barrel. -1st. Stop the vent with a peg of soft wood, or piece of rag or soft leather pressed down be the hammer; pour a gill of warm water into the muzzle; let it stand a short time, to soften the deposit of powder; put a plug of soft wood into the muzzle, and shake the water up and down the barrel; pour it out, and repeat the operation until the water comes out clear; remove the peg from the cone, and stand the barrel, muzzle downwards, to drain for a few moments. 2d. Screw the wiper on the end of the ramrod, and put a piece of dry cloth or tow around it sufficient to prevent it from chafing the grooves of the barrel; wipe the barrel dry, changing the cloth two or three times.3d. Put no oil into the vent, as it will clog the passage, and cause the first primer to misfire; but, with a slightly oiled rag, rub the bore of the barrel and immediately insert the tompion in the muzzle. 4th. After firing, the barrel should always be washed as soon as practicable; when the water comes off clear wipe the barrel dry and pass into it an oiled rag. Fine flour or emery cloth in the best article to clean the exterior of the barrel.
To Clean the Lock. - Wipe every part with a moist rag, and then a dry one; if any part of the interior shows rust, put a drop of oil on the point or end of a piece of soft wood dipped into the flour of emery; rub out the rust and wipe the surface dry; then rub every part with a slightly oiled rag.
To Clean the Mountings. - For iron and steel parts, use fine emery moistened with oil, or emery cloth. For brass parts, use rotten stone moistened with vinegar or water, applied with a rag, brush, or stick; oil or grease should be avoided. The dirt may be removed from screw-holes by screwing a piece of soft wood into them. Wipe all parts with a linen rag, and leave the parts slightly oiled.
Dismounting by an Armorer. -The parts which are specially assigned to be dismounted by an experienced armorer will stated in their regular order, following No. 8, viz: 9th. Unscrew cone; 10th, take out cone seat screw; 11th, remove band-springs using wire punch; 12th, take out the guard screws. Be careful that the screwdriver does not slip, and mar the stock. 13th, remove the guard without injuring the wood at either end of the plate; 14th, remove the side-screw washers with a drift-punch; 15th, remove the butt-plate; 16th, remove the rear sight; 17th, turn out the breech screw. No other wrench should ever be used for this purpose, and the barrel should be held in clamps, neatly fitting the breech Lock.
To take the lock apart: 1st. Cock the piece, and apply the spring-piece to the mainspring; give the