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3.  Using banner paper and other art material, have students create a cross-section of South Carolina on a wall in the classroom, or on the wall in the hallway in front of the classroom. South Carolina should be displayed in such a way that the mountains show the highest elevation and the land descends from there to the ocean.

4.  Each region should have a line dividing it at the approximate place where it would end in the state. Each region should be labeled – mountains, piedmont/sandhills, coastal plain, coast  Have students research the following information: average summer and winter temperatures, average yearly rainfall, aquatic habitats and a town within each ecoregion. A yellow circle of paper representing the sun can be placed above each region with the average summer and winter temperatures written on it. A cloud can be drawn above each region with the average yearly rainfall of the region written on it. The approximate place of a town in each region can be marked and labeled. Aquatic habitats in each region should be drawn on the diagram.

5.  Give students the environmental needs of river otters (generally found in areas with average annual rainfalls above 10 inches, and average winter temperatures above 0 degrees Fahrenheit and average summer temperatures below 85 degrees Fahrenheit and always in places with freshwater or brackish water habitats). Based on the wall they created and this information, which regions of South Carolina would you find a river otter (Answer: all except the Ocean). Have them draw a river otter in each region where they can be found.

Extension: Have the students “graph” the state with elevations going down the left.  Then, draw the cross-section of the state according to that.

Assessment

Give students the environmental needs of these five animals: brook trout, alligators, palmetto tree, Carolina wren and horseshoe crabs. Have students draw a cross section of South Carolina on a piece of paper and place these animals in the correct region.

Brook Trout:

Habitats: Fast-moving streams and rivers

Temperatures: Average summer temperatures below about 75 degrees Fahrenheit

Palmetto Tree

Habitats: Sunny areas with sandy soils

Temperatures: Average winter temperatures above about 46 degrees Fahrenheit

Alligator

Habitats: Slow-moving swamps, ponds and rivers

From COASTeam Aquatic Workshops: Mountains (Grade 4); a joint effort between the

COASTeam Program at the College of Charleston and the South Carolina Aquarium – funded by the SC Sea Grant Consortium.

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