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ARMY HISTORY

T il E PROFF.SS IONAL BULL ETIN OF ARMY IIISTORY

PR-20-91-4 (No. 20)

Washington, D.C.

Fall! 99 1

The United States Army in Hawaii Outpost Reinforcement in 1941

Charles R.

Andeo;on

United

Army presence in \he Hawaiian

Islands dales frum the aflemuth of tile Spanlm.

American

over Spain gave 1he United

StalCS IlCW territories in lWOocean.'. prir1(ip3.11y Pucno

Rico in the Caribbean.;Jnd Gu.tm anl

PhilippillC$

Field. on the easl side of lhe harbor. Four in f<Llllry. thn:e artillcry. and Iwo a rtillery with support WlilS. filled OUI. and in 1921 these units WCTl:o'i<Llliw:l into the Hawai ian Then:d· tcr.llaw.u;m Dc:p3rtmcnt $ITl:ngth stabili•.cd at aroulld

in the P3c:ific.

'IlIe mission of sccurin& lino:s of

communication 10 IhI:sc:

ICrrit(lf\cs

across

vast

oa;an

l3.Im. (2) As the AJTT\y

itself in the iSlands.

disllI'lCCS na\uJally fell \0 naval task

implied Army.

a companion mission for tile While the naval ICctll'ltllogy

fol'CCS. bY! i\ United Slales of the period

allowed ships 10 reach Cariblle:ln pons ....ithout n:fucl into the great distances to the new Pacific pos..cs

miles from San Diego 10 Manila. for

t"mple-necessitated establishment of roaling iiU lions and mainlCrwx:c facilities along the ....ay. 'The: Hawaiian Islands offered a desiraholc location. <:OI1Sid

crin\: the

of waBhips: Me-third the di5liUlOC

Ilaw.ii became one of the most IIOUl:ht-aftcr assign ments. Soldiers of all r:mks hoped for a tour in the "Par:ulise oflhe PKific."' And b)' an at"CQUnts. Ilawaii w:u the thing 10 paradise tile Anny offcred. Balmy weathe r year round, matchless scenery. eXOlic food and drink, and miles of spotless bcxhes com· blned. to make dilly with the " Pineapple UIIIIS\i· ally Senior ufrlccn considered HaWllii the ideal place to serve their SlImet tours. With danger set:mlngly flO rar lway from the idyUic islmds. com·

bct WCCII the Amcric;m wesl cn;lj;1and lhc: PhilippirlC's.

III 1887 lhc Navy o."pVtII'Icm

righls 10 CSUlb

IIsh I ooaling and n:p3ir station on the island of Oahu.

IIddcdlothetr:aining routine mancl'll marginal if not trivial. Maj. Gen. Olatics P. Summer all, depanment commande r !luri ng 192 1.1924. dis

TIw.: mission of providing

for tll<;S(: fKilitks

li ked the "droppings'" of

milch as those

hmughtlht; U.S. AJTT\y InlO anarca 2,400 miles frum lhe continental United Staccs.

In lhc: Haw.ui;m lsl;uJds, !he U.S. Nay)' found I 1af&C harbor formo:d by volcanic activil)'. Keeping only the ancienl name- 'l>carl Waccrs"---rnc Navy built docks. Tl:pair5hops.officcs. and barr.tCks. While

ofhon;es

he watched the numbe r of priv;uclyowned

vehicles Increaseon post. To h-cp Ann), StrccU clean, he ordered vehic le OWllCrs 10 wash oil Wins from

p;1vemcJ"I. In front of housilll an:as.. 0)

Gmnan rearmament and J;qI3IICse 18Srcssion

belln to disturb

Janguof'OUJ routine of Hawaii in

naval conslructlon oonlillUCd, tlw built up a garri,;on on twO

.: War Dep.1nmenl established

r"Ort Shafter in 1907 and Schufic1d Darracks In 1<)(1}. During the next few )'<'llStlw.: ganison "''COl through an aclminmnniYC evolution t(,) emerge in 1913 3!) a major

command. the lIawailan Dep;1rtmcnt. ( I) The buildup oflhc: Hawaiian Department I"C$IJmN afccr the Woo1d Wa r. The fin;t aviation IInltll pMlCd 10 the islmel! used Luke H e ld on Ford Island In the middle of Peati Harbor. 111(\ later tllll1) lugc r air bases: Wheeler Field. near Schofield DlmlCks. and Hickam

the 1930s. The rr.mklin D. Romevelt admini$ll'lltion Increased military spending aftcr )'CalS of Rcpubli(an pan;imOllY toward the Anny and Navy. bulthe ncw policy did /lOt trart5latc a!I coordinated mudt:mi1.1tion for both services. The Nav)' benefited first. with a new shipbUilding program in 1934. For the res! of the decade If'l"'J'P'iMiom for the Ann), remained belween 10 percent and 27 pen:ent behind spcndins for the

Nav)'.

Nevertheless. with I 19)9

budget of SS31

mil1ion-·twicc a!I Jugca the

19}4

tary

of

w;a

and

chief of staff could

make significant

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