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progress in Army expansion and modemizalion. (4)

When Army Olier of Slaff General Qeor&e C.

Marshall turned Illomposl

he found in

several respects amore.<;ul)Slantiai foundaliOIl al Hawaii than al the Army'S other OUlposts in the Philippines. PanamaCanal,Alaska, and Pucno Rico. AlJhou&hthc Hawaiian Depanmcni had room 10 than other OUIPOstS, il lIad a larger garrison forte and IWO large airfields. Also. in Maj. Gen. Olarles D.lIerron, Marshall had a department commalldcr familiar willi insulardcfcnsc: Henon had served as chief of sufCor lhe Pltilippir>e Oepanmenlduring 1927-1929. Hennn had come lu Hawaii in Octobc:r 19371Orommand lhe Hawaiian Divi5ion, then moved up III the deparunent

command the nellt year. (5)

TIle mission of the Hawaiian Oepartmenl and its countcrpan. the Fourtccnlh Naval District was de tailoo in adocumem eniiOed "Hawaiian Defense Proj ecl. RevlsIOlll940."· TIle Army and Nny in Hawaii sh=d a jolm miSSion: ''To hold Oahu as a main outlying naval base. and to conuol and prolect ship ping intheCoaSt.ll Zone."' Individual Army and Navy missions recognized the particular specialties ofeach service while al the ume lime enjoining both 10 rcnder

cooperation. l1Ic Army mission read: "To

hold Oahu against allacks by sea, land and ai r forces against hostile Sympathil.crs: and 10 support the naval forces." The Navy mission rcad: '1"0 palmI lhe CoasLaI Zone and to comrol and prolect shipping therein: 10 support the Army forces." In praclicc, Hawaiian Dcparuncnl officcrs underslood their mis sion 10 mean proleClion of nnal inslallaliofl'! ashorc and the Pacifie Fleet when in port. (6)

M=hall and IJcnun n::cogni,,ed thrcemajorthreals

10 Ilawaii: gboLage. air raid. and submarine raid. l1Ic concem about sabolage grew 001 of the racial compo sition of the local populalion. AJlhougll sevcraloon while groups lived in the islands. the Japanese domi nated with 37 percent or the population of 423.000, Worrie<l aboUI the loyally of these people in Ihc evenl of a breakdown in American-Japanese relaiions, Hawaiian Dcparuneni intelligence officcrs worked with the Federal Bureau of in Honolulu 10 monitor lhcir aClivities. as well as those ofGerman

and Halian aliens. (7)

1llc coneern aboul an air raid rcneetcd the grow_ ins !Ole of the aircraft carrier in naval operatiOns. While the baltlcship rcmainc::d the decisive weapon in naval doclrinc. Ihc aircraft carrier was winning new n::spccI. especially after lhe succcs.sful Brilish carrier

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    **

Contents

Th e

Srara Army

Hawaii :

Outpost

In 1941 by

R . A n d e r s o n . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Editor's Journal....................................................................................

...... ............ .......... ................. 1 ...........................................8

1llc Criers Comc:r..............................................................................................................................................9

AUlamming Army Htsrory by Katltryn Davis............................................................ ..................................10 13 C i s r t r n a d l U n o r l a , A F U l i l e E f f o r t b y A n l l l O n y J . A b a Y •• l i ........ ..... ................................................

World War II OtlOOOlogy............................................................................. Focus on the f-1eld.. .......................................................................................

..................

.......................22 .......................24

F tY

of

T/t.e

ArstnuJ Cump/u Sinct 194/

by Michael E. Bater and Kaylclc Hughes........................................................................... T/t.e U.S. Military Acwmy-Reurvt OfjiU TTraininx CO'PI Cadtl Commalld

............. ....2S

Military History

by Leslie H. Belknap and Kim M. Junluncn.....................................................31

Antlelam Starf Ride Guide.................................................................................................................................34

T/t.e Air

"'nilkry

The Archaic Archivist....

Fon 8/1.<.<. TCXilS by John T. O·Gorman......................................................36 ....................................................................................................................................37

Book Reviews.....................................................................................................................................................39

,

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