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caused Shalt to pulllis command on a higher alen. bul

it w3.5 sent by the slowc$I

and n:achcd Fon.

Shancr alkrthe allack. And HCf)'\IIIC the ability of the Japanesc to plan .md carry out a complex oper.ltion fiIT from the home i5lands. (32)

Lasting remedies forthe problems of two-headed commandsarld mishandled infonnationcame in 1947. with the unification of the Anny and Navy and a separale Air Force In one cabinel department and the

of the central Intelligence Agency. Ironically. however. even before ll1c5c reforms were in pll'CC, events demonstrated changing functions for

outposts. During the war lhat began with the auack on Pearl Harbor. both the Hawaiian Dcpaltmcnt and the naval establishment in Hawaii SCNed more asstaging

and SCT\'ice oommarlds thVl lIS national oulpOSts, 'The

Anny g.urison in Hawaii was ableasinl94L

again lIS vulner

Mr. Ch.o.rlts R. A/Idt'JOn is a hislorian with lhe Ct nt" ofMWlary HisIMy'£ and Di>'lJIon. He is 1M aulOOr 'if The (irlUll.t and Vielltlllll: Olhu War. This,micle isduivt:d rom his[<Jrlhcom

inK bwg",phy of Waller C. SharI.

Noles

I . WilT Department General

(WDGO) no. 183.

3OScpIO;00. 64.19May 11:110. 129.21 Scp21.11: no. 9. 6 Febl3. 2. WDOO no. 16. 5 Apr 21: Hawaiian Division and

Hawaiian Dcpanment reNms.

1921-41. National

An:hives; Record

Group (RG) 337:

Records of

cd.. Tht P«ptrS ufCturgt C«lltll Marshall (Balti more and London: The Johns Hopkins Univcr.>ily

1981). vol. 2. pp. 296-97: Itcrnm to Mar.>lIall. 6 Scp 40; Ibid.. p.297n. 12.Gordon W. PrlInge.AIDawn Wdlcp/ ' TheUnlold

Swry of

Haroor (New Yorl!::

McGraw-Hill.

Headquarters. Anny Ground FOrce5. National Ar chives: also relevant is RG 395: Records of UOill!d

Stall!s AI1llY Oversea.<: National Archives. 3. General Lucian K. Truscotl. Jr"

aoo Command!.

Twiligh/ of

U.S. Cavalry: Lit'

in

Old Army, 1917-/942

  • 1981)

    . pp. 38. 44. 47-411: Marnhallto Hermn. 13 Dec

  • 40.

    Tht Pal'u sofGeorgeCOI/eIlMurshall. vol. 2. pp.

    • 370.71

      ; Biographical summary. WallerC. Shan. pre·

parc.:l by the War Dcpaltrncnl. oopy;n 201 File. U.S. Al1lly Center or Mililary HiSlory. Washinglon. D.C. 13. PHA, pl. 15. p. 14lO: Marl!: S. WlUWn, TM War

(Lawrence: University Press of Kansas. 1989), p. 3S.

Departmen/; Chiefof St4 : Prewar Plans and"r,pa

4. P,ar' /farror AI/ack:

Joim

ra/int« (Washington. D.C.:

U.S . Army Cenler of

Commillu AI/ad.

Ihf /nvtsligal/OII of

of

SlatU,

Haroor

COIIgu,U. First Se:;sIOll (Hereafter PHA). 1946. pt.

  • 14.

    pp. 1017_18.

    • S.

      Biographical summary. Charles D. Herron, pre

pared hy the War Dcpaltmeot. copy in 201 File. U.S. Al1lly Center of Military HiSlory. Washinglvn. D.C.

  • 6.

    PHA. pt. IS. pp. 1428-30.

  • 7.

    Ibid.. pt. 18. p. 3136; pi. 22. pp. 856·62.

  • 8.

    Ibid.. pt. 15. p. 1602; pl. 22. p. 165: pi. 28. pp. 1355-

56. 9. Ibid.• pt. 28. pp. 1357.1369·70.1382. 1O. .4rmy DirfClOry. OCloo" 10. /940(Wa5hinglOn, D.C.: The Adjutant Ocneral'5 Oflke). p. 7; Wesley

Frank Cr.lven

and James Lea CalC, cdS.•

and

vol. 6 ofTIle Army Air

World War

11 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 1955). p. 267. 11. MarsIIaU to Hermo, 28 Aug 40, in Larry 1. Bland.

Military HiStory, 195O), pp. 460-6 1.

  • 14.

    Mal'!;hall to Shon, 7 Feb 41. in PHA. pt. IS. pp.

  • 1601.

    {l2;pt. 14. pp. 973-75. 985-86. 991). 1005; pt. 16.

pp. 2225-29. 223g-39. IS. lbid"pI. IS.pp. 1429-36; MarnhaU 10Shon. S May

  • 41.

    inlbid.. p.1612.

  • 16.

    Telephone inler.'. author with Lt Gen

W.

TrumVl (USA. Rcl.). 5 Aug 86: 1'1111. pl. 7. pp. 2928_ 29: pi_ 23. pp. n6. 790.827. !7. Shon to Marshall.19 Feh41.lnPHA.p!.15,pp 160H1S; pt. 18. p. 3126. 1 8 . I b i d " p t . 7 . p p . 2 9 2 4 - 2 7 : p t . 1 2 . p p . 3 1 8 _ 1 9 ; p t . I K p.3096. 19. Ibid" pt. I. p_54; pt. 12. p. 320: pt. 22. p. 38; pt. 32, p. 172. 20.Sletson Conn. Rose engclmm. and 8 ynm Fairchild. ClUJrding /hf Unilfd SlaltS alld IIJ OutpO.m. TIle United Anny in World WilT 11 (WuhinglOn, D.C.: U.S. AnnyCcnte rofMilitary Hi5l0ry. 1964), p. .

,

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