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B. Primary Economic Activity of Parents

Of the 464 mothers who answered this question about primary economic activity, 174

(37.5 %) reported no economic activity, while 235 (50.6%) reported working in the area of agriculture (tending family land, livestock, and or selling agricultural products).  The third largest occupation was being a paid laborer, 33 (7.1%).

Of the mothers surveyed, 447 answered the question as to what the father’s primary economic activity was.  The main economic activities were; farming on their own land,

(224, 54.5%), working as a paid laborer (97, 21.7%), and selling agricultural products (72, 16.1%).  Only 2% reported being without economic activity.  This is down from the baseline percent of 4.

C. Education of the Mothers

Only 14.8% of the 464 mothers had not received any formal school instruction.  Almost three fourths (74.1%) had received some primary education, 10.3% secondary education, and only 3 mothers (0.6%) received technical or higher education.  These findings are quite similar to the baseline data on education.  In addition over 73% of the mothers could read and write.

D. Breastfeeding and Weaning Practices

There has been an 11% change in the mother’s reported knowledge about exclusively breastfeeding for the first six months of a child’s life.  At baseline only 54% of mothers reported knowing to exclusively breastfeed for the first six months, in contrast to 67% at midterm and 65% at final.  

When looking at breastfeeding (BF) patterns there has not been a relative increase in the proportion of mothers who are exclusively breastfeeding in the first six months of the child’s life.  At  midterm 61% were exclusively breast feeding children under 6 mo., and this has remained the same at final, (61%.) There has been though an increase in the number of days a child (< 6 mo) is being exclusively breastfed.  At midterm, children were only being exclusively fed breast milk for 15 days, in contrast to 35 days at final. This is000 over a 50% increase.   For the mothers that continued to breastfeed in the 12-23 month period there was also little change from the baseline of 40% to the final of 42%.  See Fig. A. for the changes in BF patterns since baseline.

NOTE:  Even though there has not been a relative change in BF patterns since the midterm survey, the goal regarding BF practices ( having 20% of mothers exclusively breastfeeding for the first 6 mo.) has been reached.  (See Appendix for goals.)

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