When the cutoff point is raised to –1Z in WFH, the prevalence rate of acute wasting (low weight for height) increases to 30%. This is an increase from the midterm results of only 21% of children being wasted. This is particularly important because these children are at risk of moderate/severe wasting, since they have low reserves of fat and are exposed to a high incidence of infectious diseases affecting their nutritional status.3
Of the 183 mothers who answered this question, 111 (61%) reported that their child (12-24 mo.) had had a diarrheal episode in the last fifteen days. When compared to baseline data these prevalence rates are less (baseline 66.8%), and equally so when compared from the midterm survey (66.5%.) See Fig. E. for prevalence rates.
According to MINSA the rates of diarrhea have been fluctuating for the past 4 years. In 1999, 249.2 diarrheal cases were reported for children under the age of one year, and for children between one and four years there were112.5 cases. Additionally in 1999 the rates of uncomplicated diarrhea (no blood in stools, and not prolonged) has decreased from 81.96% to 77.7% for children between one and four years. This is notable because the majority of diarrheal cases are uncomplicated.