The percent of mothers (non pregnant) that are anemic has increased from the baseline results of 21%(64) to 35% (162) at final. For the children, 58% (269) are anemic compared to 51% (156) at baseline. (For clarity of percents and numbers, the baseline survey contains data from 306 mothers with children from 6 to 36.9 months, and at final 464 mothers were surveyed with children under 3 years.) See Fig. I. For differences since baseline.
Overall, the % of mothers who have heard of anemia has increased by 11% (57% base, 63% midterm, and 68% at final.). This increase is encouraging because knowledge surrounding anemia will aid in reducing the prevalence rates.
Of all of the mothers who had heard of anemia approximately 46% knew one of the causes was a poor diet, but approx. 27% stated they did not know what caused anemia.
NOTE: , but the anemia rates have not been reduced. There may be other confounding factors at play here, i.e. parasites. More research will need to be done.
At the time this report was written the data from the retinol analysis, and salt were not ready. Contact Project HOPE at a later date for this information.