Beyond three dimensional visualizations, many BIM applications allow for phasing. While phasing is more commonly viewed as something that happens during construction, it is also something that can be used for the life of the building for remodels and space reallocations. This would allow owners to see and track assets through multiple moves over time. For many reasons such as insurance purposes or dispute resolution it is incredibly helpful for an owner to be able to see and reproduce what their building looked like in previous years before all of the remodels and expansions took place. A BIM can do this; it can track data over time visually and parametrically.
Analyzing your Building with BIM
Another substantial benefit of BIM is informa- tion analysis. Numerous add-on solutions are available that support important analysis such as energy analysis, sustainability analysis, and code compliance. The beauty of these types of analyses is that the analysis is performed on the data already in place in the BIM.
BIM – The Future
The future of BIM will bring increasingly sophis- ticated analysis and reporting on all aspects of a building. Over time, BIM will support data collection on all aspects of building operations and will provide a platform for optimizing the operations of the building. These techniques will help reduce operational costs, maintenance expendi- tures, repair budgets and energy utilization. The BIM contains information about fixtures, improving maintenance orders.
Two way interactive interfaces will allow BIM data to be integrated with maintenance, operations and as- set management systems. This will allow for facility managers to increase their responsiveness and effec- tiveness and better link the information about the building to the actions necessary for lifecycle support.
An Action Plan
If you are managing a newer building, see if your owner received the BIM at the conclusion of construc- tion. If not, go back to the design firm, construction firm or both and see if they have kept the BIM model that they created during construction. Since designers and contractors may use and therefore build the model differently, one may be more viable as a facilities management model over the other. If they have it, ask to take possession of the model. If more than one model exists, you can have an independent firm review the models available to validate which model may be more appropriate for your use. For future projects, you may want to add some wording to your RFP and contracts, informing the design team that you expect the project to be created with a BIM application and will take possession of the model at the end of the project.
If you do extensive moves or remodels within your facility, consider building (or having a 3rd party help you build) a BIM of your existing facility using your 2D as-built drawings supplemented with 3D laser scans.
Once you have the BIM, enrich your BIM data with the operational data you need to support your facility operations processes. Consider investing in analytics applications to learn more about your energy con- sumption, space management, asset management and operational metrics. While there is much that can be done directly with the BIM, there are other applications that can bi-directionally interact with the BIM and provide specific facilities management tools and functions.
Keep up to date with new trends, add-on programs and techniques that will leverage BIM for your orga- nization. BIM represents a sea change in how buildings are designed and constructed. It also provides a tremendous opportunity to increase the efficiency of building operations. Getting on board with BIM now will allow your organization to not only realize benefits today, but to also quickly capitalize on new approaches to facility management in the future.
BIM for Facility Management Pete Zyskowski & Ellen Valentine