Florida Lake Management Society Annual Conference, Naples, Florida, June 4 – 7, 2007
SMALL POND MANAGEMENT IN THE CITY OF WINTER PARK, FLORIDA
Timothy J. Egan City of Winter Park, Public Works Department, Lakes Division Winter Park, FL
The City of Winter Park manages 14 natural lakes and ponds under 20 acres in surface
Water quality, and habitat management issues vary widely from pond to pond,
management activities and techniques must be site specific to maintain ecological pond aesthetics. Problems frequently encountered in small ponds include:
low dissolved oxygen
planktonic algae blooms
filamentous algae blooms
floating plant infestation
exotic plant infestations of the littoral zone
exotic animal introductions
Many ponds suffer from two or more of these conditions at any given time.
problems are usually caused, or exacerbated by, high nutrient, and organic material loads from storm water runoff. Public access to, and recreational opportunities provided by many small ponds are often limited, making them a low priority for capital expenditures. Even on the most limited access ponds, though, the adjacent property owners, and others that contribute runoff to the pond, pay into the city’s storm water utility. The City of Winter Park is committed to providing the highest level of management practical for each pond regardless of size or accessibility.
Management efforts for each pond are developed on a case-by-case basis.
considered when developing accessibility and neighborhood
management plans include human health support/participation. The City of Winter
safety, pond has employed
numerous management techniques ponds, including the following.
Aeration systems have been used to reduce frequent floating plant and filamentous algae problems. The extent to which these undesirable conditions are controlled varies from lake to lake, but in all cases maintenance frequency and herbicide/algaecide use have been reduced.
Session 4 – Page 2