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Chloride associated diseases

Like every essential mineral, diseases can result if there is an abundant or

deficient intake. Usually, diseases associated with chloride intake are rare. Chloride

toxicity has not been observed in humans except for impaired NaCl metabolism [Ref. 3]

This can be avoided by a healthy diet and an active lifestyle. Deficiency diseases are also

rare, but alkalosis can occur if the blood becomes overly alkaline. It results from excess

loss of sodium and is a life threatening condition. Some symptoms include loss of

appetite, lethargy, and muscle weakness [Ref. 6]. Hypochloremia is another condition

which occurs due to a deficiency of chloride. Symptoms can include water overload,

wasting conditions, and heavy sweating [Ref. 7].


History of Chlorine

The history of chlorine is quite fascinating because it dates back to the beginning

of American history. The Swedish chemist, Karl Wilhelm Scheele, discovered chlorine

in 1774. For over two centuries, it has been used for many applications in advancing

different scientific fields ranging from the disinfecting the water supply to developing

improved medications. In 1826, silver chloride was used to produce images marking the

first photography, and in 1847, chloroform was first used as an anesthetic. It was later

found to be harmful to patient, and other anesthetics were used instead. In 1908, the

Jersey City waterworks used chlorine to disinfect the water supply. As a result of the

success of that program, the Department of Treasury called for all water to be disinfected

with chlorine by 1918. This was one of the greatest applications of chlorine because

drinking contaminated water was a major cause of death in the early twentieth century.


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