I would like to thank Dr. Mark Stamp for his enduring patience as I struggled to
flush out the details of this work. I would also like to thank my committee members, Dr.
David Taylor and Dr. Robert Chun, for their support in this effort.
Last but not least, I would like to thank my wife Karyn, who has encouraged me
throughout my graduate career to persevere through the rough patches, and my cat
Freddy, who always kept me company as I typed many suns to sleep.