as children, all 3 related to mother abductions. In the overall sample of 22 cases, therefore, 15 cases involved an abduction by the mother of the child(ren) (68.18%) and 7 involved an abduction by the father (31.18%). Once again, an unsurprising statistic but one which supports the previous research findings of reunite. 25
Some of the parents were clearly doing much better now than at the times of their earlier interviews. Their relationships with the other parent had improved to the point of, at least, civility and, in some cases, good co-operation in parenting. They had managed to get on with their lives and the abduction was now forming a part of the background, rather than the all-consuming framework within which their lives operated as before. However, in other cases, the wounds had deepened even further and the relationship had become more difficult and uncompromising with the inevitable fall-out on the children that
such attitudes produce.
25 See, e.g., Research Project Concerning Return Orders, Primary Carers and Their Children, September  IFL1