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2. Value Added Theory (cont’d)

the ‘value-added’ process and the collective behaviour process:

Structural Conduciveness: the conditions in society that

promote this novel behaviour – inequality, boredom,  lack

of social programs, exams, time of year (e.g. Sauble),

weather conditions, time of day, presence of alcohol/drugs,

social characteristics of participants (e.g. young males; the poor),

demographic make-up of society

Structural Strain: driving participants to engage in unusual

(non-normative) behaviour – poverty, loss of a job,

discrimination, natural disaster, war, sudden changes in

social circumstances (anomie/anxiety), aging and retirement, etc.

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