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1. What is collective behaviour? (cont’d)

originally thought collective behaviour mostly mob behaviour

 or mass hysteria – because it was assumed that collective

 behaviour was largely irrational, a function of biological/

 psychological factors that emerge in a crowd situation and

 cause individuals to act in irrational ways  

 (note Durkheim here, along with Le Bon)

collective behaviour can take a wide variety of forms (e.g.

 ‘swarming’ and bullying behaviour; sports riots)

like other forms of behaviour, collective behaviour can

 become institutionalized – it can become normative

 itself – e.g. ‘goal-posting’ at college football games – or

 ‘streaking’ in the 1960’s

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