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CHAPTER 22: THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS

OBJECTIVES (CONTINUED)

13.Fully describe the structure of a mature sperm cell.

14.Explain why a sperm cell contains so many mitochondria and name the portion of the spermatocyte that houses these mitochondria.

15.Explain how the functions of the testes are hormonally controlled.  Be sure to include the overall scheme from the hypothalamus all the way to the final target organs (2o sexual organs).

16.Name the components of the spermatic cord and name the "canal" that houses these organs and passes them into the abdominopelvic cavity.

17.Name the site where the seminal vesicle and vas deferens unite within the prostate gland.

18.List the components of semen, name the organ (or gland) that secretes each of these components, and name the function of each semen component.

19.Explain the function of the cremaster muscle.

20.Sketch a cross-sectional view of the penis and include the following structures:  corpora cavernosa, corpus spongiosum, glans penis, prepuce, tunica albuginea, and urethra.

21.Explain what portion of the penis is surgically removed during a circumcision.

22.Distinguish between erection, emission, ejaculation and orgasm in males.

23.Locate each of the following female reproductive organs on a diagram, describe the structure of each organ, and discuss the major function of each organ:

ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, labia, and clitoris

24.Describe the internal structure of an ovary and locate where oogenesis occurs.

25.Discuss the sequence of events involved in oogenesis.  Be sure to include chromosome # and number of each cell produced.

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