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CHAPTER 22: THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS

OBJECTIVES (continued)

26.Explain why a secondary oocyte does not always undergo Meiosis II.

27.Describe the events involved in maturation of an ovarian follicle each month.  Draw a sketch to illustrate the components of the follicle.

28.Distinguish between a primary and secondary follicle.

29.Define the term ovulation and name the gonadotropin responsible for its occurrence.

30.Name the female reproductive organ containing fimbriae and cilia.

31.Discuss the structure (3 layers) of the uterus, and provide the name for the lower one-third where the uterus narrows.

32.Distinguish between a pap smear and colposcopy.

33.Name the female reproductive organ that houses the erect penis during intercourse, the organ(s) that protect the internal organs, and the organ that corresponds to the male penis.

34.Describe the structure of the mammary glands and track the flow of milk from the alveoli to the nipple.

35.Outline how ovarian function is hormonally controlled, starting with the hypothalamus to the final target organs (i.e. uterus, and 2o sex organs).  Then discuss the hormones named above in terms of the female reproductive cycle that occurs each month (i.e. list each hormone, name the (specific) organ or gland that secretes that hormone, list the corresponding day(s) of the cycle when that hormone is secreted, and name the response that occurs at each target organ.

36.Define the term fertilization and name the site where fertilization typically occurs.

37.Explain what is meant by capacitation of a sperm.

38.Describe the structure of a secondary oocyte when it is ovulated from the ovary.

39.Define syngamy and explain how and why it occurs.

40.List the components of a zygote.

41.Define the term cleavage and explain why the cells (blastomeres) are unable to grow between divisions.

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