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CHAPTER 22: THE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS

FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE Organs Summary Table (outline page 19):

Name of Organ

Structure

Function

Ovary

solid, ovoid structures on posterior pelvic cavity;

cortex of ovarian follicles

production of secondary oocytes for fertilization; production of estrogen for development of 2o sex organs;

production of progesterone to prepare endometrium for implantation

Fallopian Tube

tubes that pass medially from ovaries to uterus; lined with cilia, expanded ends (fimbriae) over ovary

site of fertilization; transportation of fertilized egg to uterus

Uterus

muscular (smooth) organ that houses developing embryo, fetus; 3 layers

houses developing embryo/fetus

Cervix

lower one-third of uterus

Pap smear location

Vagina

passageway from cervix to outside

birth canal; houses erect penis during intercourse

Labia

external reproductive organs

protect underlying organs

Clitoris

small projection at anterior end of labia; two columns of vascular tissue

female excitatory organ

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