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secretary of defense, the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, and the combatant


Change is also in the wind for the ARNG and the ANG. Critical military

specialties (military police in the ARNG and security forces, intelligence, and

information management in the ANG) have been stretched thin with units and individuals

mobilized at least twice in the last two years. Other career fields or units may be reduced

to permit growth in higher utilization specialties. The National Guard is seeking greater

predictability in unit deployments and hopes to limit mobilizations for each organization

to one twelve-month period every six years. The Department of Defense wants ARNG

units to deploy faster than ever before, perhaps within 1-4 weeks after mobilization. In

an attempt to meet such a goal, the Army Guard is proposing that units be allowed to

carry a 3 percent overage above their maximum authorized personnel level and that all

full-time manning positions be filled. The ANG has announced the “Vanguard” initiative

to keep it in line with Air Force transformation. In addition, the ANG is exploring the

use of multi-state units and the creation of new units that blend active duty and reserve

component members into one single organization.

Stresses and strains in the war on terrorism have resulted in recent calls for

significant changes in the Total Force Policy, or even its outright elimination. However,

many compelling reasons suggest that the policy is still the best defense solution for

America. It was the Total Force Policy that has allowed the Guard and Reserves to

participate fully in all aspects of the war on terror to date. Indeed, active duty forces

alone could not have defended the American homeland and achieved success in

Afghanistan and Iraq without the Guard and Reserves. While changes to policies and

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