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The Internet - development

1962 Licklider, J.C.R., Galactic Network memos

Licklider - MIT to ARPA

ARPANET and successors: open architecture networking

1970s: universities and other DoD contractors connect

  packets rather than circuits (note many of the names in

  the articles were graduate students then)

1975: 100 sites and e-mail is changing how people collaborate

Late 1970s: New Packet Switching Protocol:

Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol(TCP/IP)

1980: MILNET takes over military traffic

1980s: NSFNet links together NSF researcgers,

  Internet protocols incorporated into (BSD) Unix, a widespread operating system

Late 1980s: NSFNet absorbs original ARPANET (for a US university to get NSF

  funding for an Internet connection, that connection had to be made available to

  all qualified users on campus, regardless of discipline

1995: Commercial backbones replace NSFNet backbone

Usenet

BITNET

Commercial Networks: AOL, Compuserve, etc.

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