Who is entitled to hold the powerful accountable?
Power-wielders regarded as:
Those affected by their actions – Participation
Those entrusting them with powers – Delegation
Ia “Direct” Democracy Actions of power-wielders are what those affected (the people) instructed them to do in this contingency.
IIa Principal-Agent: Power-wielders act as faithful agents of principals who empower them.
Ib Populist: Policies followed by the power-wielders lead to outcomes approved by those affected; which leads those affected to confer additional powers.
Power-wielders perform the duties of their offices faithfully.