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two areas. The peer discussions were systematically guided by the listening and discussion guide developed for the purpose. The intervention targeted both males and females in the age group 15-49 years. (p.2)

Evaluation Methodology

Baseline and outcome surveys were fielded in 2003 and 2005. Both of the surveys were based on a multistage random sampling technique. Kebeles/Peasant Associations (i.e. the smallest administrative units) to be included in the surveys were selected using probability proportional to size (PPS). As the primary sampling unit, the surveys focused on 4 groups of respondents to achieve its several objectives. These are (1) single women aged 15-24 years (2) single men aged 15-24 years (3) married women aged 15-49 years and (4) married men aged 15-49 years. The sample size for the outcome survey was 800 and 807 individual respondents in Addis Ababa and West Hararghe, respectively. The baseline survey also achieved similar sample size as that of the outcome survey.  

This evaluation was based on a non-experimental design that makes use of two approaches: (1) a comparison of the exposed and non-exposed respondents of the outcome survey and (2) a comparison of the baseline and the outcome surveys results. However, due to a number of reasons, the evaluation was heavily dependent upon the former approach; i.e. A Static-Group Comparison of the exposed and non-exposed data in the outcome survey. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done, as deemed necessary. All associations/correlations were tested for statistical significance and a P-value < 0.05 suggests significant association/correlation/effect. (p.2)

Results (evidence/ data) presented?

Sections V and VI, pp. 16-64

Summary of lessons learned (evaluation findings)

Regularly participating in the MARCH peer group discussions (i.e. being highly-exposed) resulted in a decrease (but not significantly) in the prevalence of both the lifetime as well as recent levels of sexual activity among the never married [in both of the sites]. While moderate exposure (i.e. moderately-exposed) to the MARCH appeared to have little or no effect on behavioral changes

The effect of the MARCH intervention is not uniform across varying socio-demographics [in both of the sites]. Whereas more positive changes were recorded among females, married and older participants than the other groups in Addis Ababa, it appeared that males were more likely than their female counterparts to have exhibited positive changes as a result of participating in the MARCH

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