MARCH Outcome Evaluation
categorized as being “highly-exposed” to the intervention.
Although the interventions in both of the sites was intended for the general population, findings of this survey revealed that some sections of the population were more likely than others to have participated in the interventions. Exposure to the MARCH intervention significantly differ by sex (in both areas), age (only in Addis Ababa), education (only in West Hararghe), and by marital status (in both areas). While females appeared more likely than their male counterparts to have participated (exposed) in the intervention in Addis Ababa, the reverse was noted in West Hararghe. In particular, in West Hararghe, men were found twice as more exposed to the intervention. MARCH participants of Addis Ababa appeared younger than those who did not participate. Unlike Addis Ababa, participants of the MARCH intervention in West Hararghe appeared significantly more educated than those who did not participant. Of note, the vast majority of respondents from West Hararghe (85%) were either had no education or could only read/write. While there was no difference in exposure between never married and currently married in West Hararghe, women either divorced or widowed were significantly less likely than any of the other group to have been exposed to the MARCH intervention. In summary, findings of the survey indicated that disproportionately more males than females, better educated than uneducated and currently married than never married have participated (exposed) in the MARCH in West Hararghe. While participants of the MARCH intervention in Addis Ababa appeared predominantly younger and never-married.
Since there is diversity in the socio-demographic characteristics between respondents that have participated and not participated in the MARCH, the examination of the effect of the intervention on the different outcome indicator variables takes account of the sex, age, education and marital status of respondents using appropriate multivariate models.
Addis Ababa and West Hararghe