MARCH Outcome Evaluation
5.3. Exposure to the MARCH and Knowledge of ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS
Respondents were asked to mention the number of ways that one could prevent HIV transmission. Taken together a maximum of six correct ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS were reported spontaneously as well as through probing respondents. These include (1) abstinence from sex (2) faithfulness to ones partner (3) condom use (4) avoiding sex with high risk groups, such as sex workers and people with multiple sexual partners (5) avoid sharing of cutting materials and (6) avoid contaminated blood transfusion. Table 4 shows the proportion of respondents who reported the various ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS and the mean number of reported correct ways of avoiding HIV according to exposure to the MARCH.
Overall, exposure to the MARCH intervention improves respondents’ knowledge on the various ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS in both of the study sites. It is, however, important to note that the knowledge on the various ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS has not yet been universal even among respondents who were highly exposed to the MARCH intervention in both of the sites. The mean number of reported correct ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS significantly and positively correlated with the level of exposure to the intervention. In particular, highly-exposed respondents reported the highest correct numbers of ways of avoiding HIV/AIDS in both of the sites. These findings remain unchanged in a multivariate analysis that control for a number of socio-demographic characteristics including sex, age, educational status, and marital status of respondents in both of the sites (Table 5). In particular, in West Hararghe, those respondents that were exposed to the intervention appeared more likely significantly than those who didn’t to mention almost all the ways of avoiding HIV infection, except faithfulness. Likewise, there was a positive correlation between exposure to the MARCH and reporting of the various ways of avoiding HIV among respondents of Addis Ababa although statistical significance differences were noted only for the reporting of abstinence and faithfulness.
Addis Ababa and West Hararghe