MARCH Outcome Evaluation
(in relation to condom use) of those individuals who generally happened to exhibit considerably low self-efficacy prior to participating in the MARCH. The fact that the MARCH intervention failed to improve the self-efficacy of males, never married and young people may partly mean that condom use self-efficacy in these groups might have already reached its threshold level and that the intervention has little or no effect on this particular population groups. It may well be that the intervention has given more emphasis in improving condom use self-efficacy of females, older and married audiences who in particular are known for having low efficacy in relation to condom use.
Indicators of condom outcome expectancy and future intention to use condom (i.e. in the next 3 months) did not show any significant correlation with exposure to the MARCH. In general, respondents who were exposed to the MARCH did not significantly differ in their perceived levels of outcome expectancy as well as in their future intention to use condom compared to the non-exposed. The lack of correlation between exposure to the MARCH and perceived condom use outcome expectancy may signal the following: (1) it may well be that the population under study has already reached the level of threshold regarding the perceived benefits of condom use and that the MARCH intervention has no marginal effect in such population or (2) it may be possible that the MARCH intervention gave little emphasis to improving individuals’ perception regarding the benefits of condom use. Whatever the reasons might be, it is important to note that the perceived level of positive outcome expectancy in relation to condom use is already higher than that for self-efficacy for the non-exposed respondents (61.4% and 48.5% for high positive outcome expectancy and self-efficacy, respectively) while the observed levels for the two scales compared well for the moderately-(59.5% and 61.9%, respectively) and highly-exposed respondents (50% and 60%, respectively). This finding suggests that whereas the observed reasonably high level of positive outcome expectancy in relation to condom use was not translated into corresponding level of self-efficacy for the non-exposed respondents, this was, however, notably exhibited for both the moderately-and highly-exposed respondents. Thus, the MARCH intervention could
Addis Ababa and West Hararghe