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MARCH Outcome Evaluation

Table 13. Multivariate Logistic regression adjusted Odds Ratios [OR] in the estimation of high median score on the scales measuring self-efficacy and outcome expectancy in relation to testing for HIV,  Addis Ababa, MARCH outcome survey, May-June 2005

High self-efficacy for HIV testing

High outcome expectancy for HIV testing

OR

OR

Exposure to MARCH

     [Not at all]

    Moderately exposed

    Highly exposed

Sex

  [Female]

  Male

Age

  [15-19]

  20-24

  25-29

  30+

Education

   [Cannot read/write]

   Read/write only [Non-formal education]

   1-8 grade

   9-12 grade

   12+

Marital status

  [Never married]

  Currently married

  Divorced/Widowed

1

1.6*

2.4*

1

0.6***

1

1.1

0.8

0.7

1

0.4

1.6

2.5*

1.8

1

1.5

1.8

1

1.7*

1.9*

1

1.7

1

1.0

0.7

0.9

1

0.9

1.8*

1.8*

1.7

1

1.9

0.6

Reference Category in parenthesis

*p<0.05 ***p<0.001

Figure 4a and 4b take the analysis one step further and present both the self-efficacy and outcome expectancy scores in relation to HIV testing stratified by sex, age and marital status, according to exposure to the MARCH. Although the MARCH intervention improved the overall self-efficacy of the target population in relation to HIV testing, the effect of the intervention on these psychosocial constructs varies in accordance with the sex, age and marital status of the respondents. It appeared that the MARCH intervention has significantly improved the self-efficacy of female, currently married and those aged 25 year or higher. While no significant differences in the HIV testing self-efficacy scores were noted by exposure to the MARCH

Addis Ababa and West Hararghe

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