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MARCH Outcome Evaluation

Table 14. Proportion of respondents who reported having been tested for HIV in the year and within the 2 years preceding the survey according to exposure to the MARCH,  Addis Ababa and West Hararghe, MARCH outcome survey, May-June 2005

Addis Ababa

Outcome Evaluation

Exposure to MARCH

Not exposed

n=453

Moderately

Exposed

n=310

Highly exposed

n=37

Tested for HIV last year [%]

Tested for HIV in the last 2 years [%]

15.7

23.8

24.2

31.9

29.7*

35.1*

West Hararghe

Outcome Evaluation

Exposure to MARCH

Not exposed

n=574

Moderately

Exposed

n=122

Highly exposed

n=111

Tested for HIV last year [%]

Tested for HIV in the last 2 years [%]

0.5

0.5

2.5

2.5

5.4 **

5.4**

P-value comparing results among the 3 exposure categories [in the outcome evaluation]

*p<0.05 **p<0.001

Previous studies in Ethiopia showed that abut 25% of those tested for HIV did not receive their test results as well as failed to receive post-test counseling (Mekonnen et al, 2003). As shown in Figure 6, a significant association was noted between exposure to the MARCH and the likelihood of receiving HIV test results, especially in Addis Ababa. Of those tested in the year preceding the survey, 74.7% [(11.7%/15.7%)*100%], 88% [(21.3%/24.2%)*100%] and 100% [(29.7%/29.7%)*100%] of the non-, moderately- and highly-exposed respondents, respectively, reported that they had received their HIV test results. Thus, it means that the MARCH intervention not only improves individual’s’ uptake of HIV testing but also ones ability to return for his/her test results.  Since only 12 individuals reported to have been tested in the year preceding the survey from West Hararghe, the percentages are based on very few

Addis Ababa and West Hararghe

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