MARCH Outcome Evaluation
Baseline Vs Outcome comparison [only for Addis Ababa]
Figure 7 contrasts the proportion of respondents who tested for HIV in the year preceding the survey between the baseline and outcome survey respondents of Addis Ababa. The results revealed the presence of significant temporal trend in the uptake of HIV testing since the baseline. During the baseline the proportion who reported having been tested for HIV was only 8.6%, but this rate has increased significantly to 15.7%, 24.2% and 29.7% for the non-, moderately-and highly-exposed outcome respondents, respectively. Compared to the baseline, the proportions who reported having been tested for HIV have shown significant increase in the outcome survey irrespective of their sex, age and marital status. The stratified analysis by age, sex, and marital status indicated that the proportion tested ranged between 8.1% and 9.1% for the different category of respondents at the baseline while it ranged between 13.3% and 18.8% for the non-exposed outcome survey respondents of varying characteristics. This finding suggests the presence of a temporal trend in the uptake of HIV testing (with an average increase of about 7%) in the absence of the MARCH intervention during the period 2003-2005. On the other hand, the MARCH intervention was able to further elevate the proportion up taking HIV testing and that on average an overall increase of 15% and 21%, respectively, were noted for the moderately-and highly-exposed respondents, as compared to the prevalence figure documented at the baseline. Of note, high rates and dramatic increase in the uptake of HIV testing were noted for the currently married and female participants of the MARCH. While low HIV testing uptake rates as well as only modest improvement was noted with exposure to the MARCH for the males (Figure 7).
Figure 7 Baseline-outcome comparison of the proportion tested for HIV according to selected background characteristics, Addis Ababa, MARCH outcome survey, May-June 2005
Addis Ababa and West Hararghe