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MARCH Outcome Evaluation

Baseline Vs Outcome comparison [only for Addis Ababa]  

Figure 10a-c contrast the life-time, recent sexual activity as well as condom use in the recent sex between the baseline and outcome survey respondents. Overall, baseline levels of lifetime as well as recent sexual activity did not significantly differ from levels documented for the non-exposed and moderately-exposed outcome respondents.  However, both lifetime and recent sexual activity levels were lower, though not significantly, for the highly-exposed outcome survey respondents compared to that of the baseline. The proportion of highly-exposed respondents that reported having ever had sex (19.1%) was lower than the 33.3% documented for the baseline respondents (p=0.173). Likewise, the corresponding proportion for recent sexual activity (Figure 10b) was 24% and 19.1%, respectively, for the highly-exposed outcome and baseline surveys respondents (p=0.603). Of note, statistically significant declining trend in the proportion who reported having ever had sex was observed when highly-exposed male respondents of the outcome survey were compared with their male counterparts of the baseline (42.6% vs. 10%, p=0.04). No such declining trend was, however, observed for females.  In fact, for females the magnitudes of both lifetime as well as recent sexual activity have remained unchanged over the years.  

Condom use did not show any significant trend when baseline level was compared with that of the outcome, especially for the non-exposed respondents. However, a modest and insignificant increase in condom use was noted when the baseline figures (69.8%, 61.5% and 69.2% for the total, males and females, respectively) were compared with figures for the exposed respondents (moderately/highly-exposed) of the outcome survey (76.2%, 75% and 78.6%, respectively).  

Addis Ababa and West Hararghe

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