MARCH Outcome Evaluation
and currently married respondents from Addis Ababa, respectively, reported that they took at least one action as a result of having been participated in the MARCH (Figure 11a). The reported actions differed between the never/not currently married and the currently married respondents. The actions most commonly reported by never/not currently married respondents of Addis Ababa, in order of priority, include; the decision to always use condom (39.8%), to abstain (35.1%), to use condom more frequently (14.5%), to limit oneself to one sexual partner (13%) and to reduce the number of sexual partners (3.5%). In contrast, the most frequently mentioned action taken by the married respondents were limiting to one sexual partner (i.e. faithfulness to partner) (23.3%). Few reported that they had begun to use condom more frequently (3.5%) and reduced the number of partners (1.2%), as a result of participating in the MARCH.
Overall, about a quarter of respondents from West Hararghe (Figure 11b) reported that they had taken at least one action as a result of participating in the MARCH (24.2% of the never/not currently married and 24.8% of the currently married). The decision to always use condom (15.2%), to limit oneself to one sexual partner (13%), to reduce the number of sexual partners (9.1%), and to abstain from sex (3%) were the most frequently reported actions taken, as a result participating in the MARCH by the never/not currently married respondents. Faithfulness or limiting oneself to one partner was by far the most frequently reported action taken by currently married women (22.6%), followed by reducing the number of sexual partners (8%) and frequent use of condom (4.4%).
Although self-reporting of actions taken as a result of participating in the MARCH likely subjected to information as well as social desirability biases, the pattern of reported actions (in both of the sites) appeared in agreement with the “ABC- Abstinence, Being faithful and Condom use” model that is adopted to limit the further spread of HIV/AIDS in the country, as elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. Indeed, the MARCH intervention followed the basic notion of the “ABC” while promoting behavioral change among its target audiences.
Addis Ababa and West Hararghe