Congenital infections - it is not usually possible to detect congenital infection unless the mother has symptoms of primary infection. If so, then the mother should be told of the chances of her baby having cytomegalic inclusion disease and perhaps offered the choice of an abortion.
Perinatal and postnatal infection - it is usually not necessary to treat such patients.
Immunocompromised patients - it is necessary to make a diagnosis of CMV infection early and give prompt antiviral therapy. Anti-CMV agents in current use are ganciclovir, forscarnet, and cidofovir.