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women and address the immediate needs of women and their children who are victims (or who fear becoming victims) of violence. Resources include access to emergency shelters and counselling, province-wide action plans against sexual violence, and Aboriginal-specific initiatives, including culturally adapted health services, and the creation of culturally sensitive residential and outreach programs.
The Government of Canada also provides financial and professional assistance to
organizations to carry out projects at the local, regional and national levels. These initiatives
include training for shelter staff working with victims of violence, empowerment sessions,
entrepreneurship training, childcare and violence prevention programs. To address the high rates of violence against Aboriginal women, the Government of Canada, in partnership with the Native Women’s Association of Canada, supports the Sisters in Spirit Initiative, which is aimed
at raising awareness about racialized and sexualized violence against Aboriginal women. This violence often leads to the disappearance or death of Aboriginal women and girls. The Government of Canada has also recently announced new initiatives, such as the Federal Elder Abuse Initiative, to raise awareness of and combat elder abuse in its many forms.
Examples of provincial measures to address violence against women and girls include
Saskatchewan’s Strategy for Stopping Interpersonal Violence and Abuse and Québec’s “Action
plan on sexual abuse 2008-2013”. The Government of Ontario established a Domestic Violence Advisory Council to provide advice on improving the efficiency and effectiveness of community and justice system supports to better meet the needs of women who are victims of domestic violence as well as their children. The Alberta Relationship Threat Assessment and Management Initiative aims to reduce and prevent fear, suffering, violence and death in high-risk relationship
violence cases by providing an integrated criminal justice response. In Newfoundland and Labrador, the Community Advisory Committee, developed under the Violence Prevention Initiative (VPI), ensures that grass-roots information informs government policies.
Immigration and integration measures
Integration of newcomers
The successful settlement and integration of new immigrants is an important objective
under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA). In addition to general orientation information, settlement services for permanent residents include those aimed at language and skills development, labour market participation, and development of community connections. These services play a major role by assisting immigrants and refugees to overcome barriers specific to the newcomer experience so that they can undertake their longer-term integration on a similar footing to other Canadians.
In conjunction with provinces, territories, partners and stakeholders across Canada, the
Government of Canada improves immigrant integration outcomes by helping internationally-
trained individuals to integrate and participate in the Canadian labour market, as well as
enhancing the interprovincial mobility of internationally trained workers. The Going to Canada
immigration portal provides newcomers with information services and tools to facilitate their integration into Canada’s labour market and society.
Provincial governments offer funding and programming to support newcomers in their
quest to integrate into Canadian society. Newcomers are provided with resource materials, counselling opportunities, language training, settlement and employment assistance. For example, Saskatchewan provides funding to community-based organizations, colleges,