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employers, and other partner agencies to provide settlement and retention supports for immigrants, through such services as: assessment and referral; providing assistance in locating housing, health care and education for children; language training; and removing barriers to the recognition of credentials. The Government of New Brunswick provides funding for employment counsellors for newcomers participating in the New Brunswick Enhanced Language Training Program, which is offered through community organizations. The Government of Alberta’s Victims Services Branch works to inform all victims, including newcomer groups and newcomers of assistance available to them if they are victims of crime. The Victims of Crime handbook “Crossing the Cultural Divide: Information for Immigrants and Refugees on Services for Victims of Crime” was produced and translated into 11 different languages. Québec’s action plan Des valeurs partagées, des intérêts communs outlines a series of measures aimed at facilitating the integration of immigrants and cultural communities into Québec society.
Temporary foreign workers are usually brought into Canada in response to a documented
need to fill a specific job identified by an employer. They are generally expected to leave Canada once the contract has been fulfilled. Temporary foreign workers enjoy the same labour-related rights, human rights and social protections that Canadians possess. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms applies to all individuals on Canadian soil and fosters an environment of social inclusion.
Through the Temporary Foreign Worker Program, Canada provides information to
employers and employees to ensure that foreign workers are aware of their rights and any
recourse mechanisms. The Government of Canada also works collaboratively with its provincial counterparts, who are primarily responsible for labour standards, occupational health and safety, and labour relations for most of the occupations in Canada, to ensure awareness of and access to
appropriate protections and eligible services.
Examples of provincial/territorial measures include the following. New Brunswick is
working with employers in the province to establish co-funded English Language Programming for temporary foreign workers which will serve to enhance their safety while in Canada and improve their integration into the workplace. Migrant workers in the Yukon Territory enjoy the same rights and protections as any other worker in the territory under the relevant territorial employment legislation. Training and employment programs are also available to assist migrant
workers. In British Columbia, foreign workers are entitled to the same statutory protections as any other worker in British Columbia under the Employment Standards Act, Labour Relations Code, and Workers Compensation Act.
Human trafficking – prevention and protection
Canada’s efforts to combat trafficking in persons focus on four broad areas (the 4 “P’s”):
the prevention of trafficking, the protection of victims, the prosecution of offenders and working in partnership with key stakeholders towards these ends. This approach is consistent with prevailing international best practices. The enactment of specific offences against trafficking in persons in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (2002) and the Criminal Code (2005), provide a broad based criminal law framework to respond to this crime.
Canada is believed to be primarily a transit and destination country for trafficking in
persons (TIP). It is believed that victims that are being trafficked in Canada are largely destined
for major centres in Canada such as Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver. Intelligence indicates