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affordable housing. These programs include, for example, subsidized rental housing, shelter allowances, home renovation assistance, support for programs to improve accessibility for persons with disabilities, assistance for shelters for victims of family violence, supports to independent living, and homeownership options. Municipalities are also active in promoting affordable social housing.
Labour Market training and participation in the workforce
Over the past 10 years, strong labour market outcomes with low unemployment and high
participation rates in the workforce have been registered. Governments in Canada work together to ensure that all Canadians have access to the education and skills training they need to enter or re-enter the workforce and the opportunity to update their skills throughout their lives.
The Government of Canada provides national, regional and sub-regional labour market
information on occupations, industries, job vacancies, and labour market events to assist
employers, workers, and communities manage labour market transitions. Support is provided for labour market training and participation of under-represented groups (older workers, Aboriginal
people, person with disabilities and new immigrants) through various training and funding opportunities, including skills development for unemployed Canadians under the Employment Insurance Act.
Initiatives of the provincial and territorial governments include funding the delivery of
employment benefits and support measures, such as training and job search assistance, to workers who become unemployed and are beneficiaries of Employment Insurance income support benefits; Labour Market Agreements funding for training (including literacy and essential skills support) to individuals not eligible for assistance under the Employment Insurance system; and targeted investments to help Aboriginal Canadians, new immigrants,
persons with disabilities and older workers overcome barriers to participation in the labour market.
The federal, provincial and territorial governments of Canada recognize the importance of
economic security and well-being for all Canadians, and have taken a number of joint and independent initiatives, including:
Family related benefits;
Social assistance programs available across provinces and territories provide income assistance to individuals and families to help them meet their basic living costs. For Aboriginal persons living on reserve, the Government of Canada provides social assistance benefits;
In Québec, participation premiums are provided to income support recipients looking for employment and a bonus is given to those that find employment and keep that employment for one year;
The Employment Insurance Family Supplement provides additional help to low- income families claiming benefits;
The Working Income Tax Benefit is a refundable tax credit aimed at making work more rewarding for low- and modest-income Canadians. An important feature of