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A/HRC/WG.6/4/CAN/1 Page 7

this tax credit is that lone parents receive the same annual amount as couples; it also provides a supplement for persons with disabilities;


Canada Pension Plan provides basic income replacement to contributors and their families in the event of retirement, death or disability;

  • (b)

    Disability assistance;

  • (i)

    Provincial and territorial governments provide income support assistance to persons with disabilities, for example through the Poverty Reduction Strategy of the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador, the Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped in Alberta and the Ontario Disability Support Program;

  • (ii)

    The Canada Pension Plan Disability program is designed to provide financial assistance to Canada Pension Plan contributors under 65 who are unable to work because of a severe and prolonged disability;

  • (c)


The Old Age Security (OAS) program provides benefits to all persons age 65 and over who meet the residence requirement specified in the legislation. The benefits under the OAS program include the basic OAS pension, which is paid to virtually all seniors, the Guaranteed Income Supplement (GIS) for low-income seniors, and the Allowances for low-income Canadians aged 60 to 64 who are the spouses or common-law partners of GIS recipients or survivors. All benefits paid under the OAS program are fully indexed to keep up with the cost of living.

  • (d)


  • (i)

    The National Child Benefit (NCB) is an initiative of federal, provincial and territorial governments, with a First Nations component. The NCB includes both income and other forms of support (e.g. child/day care, early childhood services and children-at-risk services, supplementary health benefits, and youth initiatives).

  • (ii)

    The federal contribution to the NCB initiative is the NCB Supplement, a monthly benefit paid to low-income families with children. The NCB supplement is part of the larger federal Canada Child Tax Benefit (CCTB), which provides monthly benefits to low- and middle-income families to help with the costs of raising children.

  • (iii)

    All families with children under the age of six receive the Universal Child Care Benefit, which they can use for childcare costs.

  • (iv)

    Manitoba has established Healthy Child Manitoba and the Healthy Child Committee of Cabinet as a formal cross-department strategy to coordinate, monitor and evaluate programs for children and their families as a government priority.

  • (v)

    Newfoundland and Labrador has implemented new universal non-taxable benefits for new families. The Progressive Family Growth Benefit goes to residents of the Province who give birth to or adopt a baby on or after January 1, 2008 and the

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