Draft Paper – Not to be cited without author’s permission
main purveyors of damaging anti-competitive practices: agribusiness oligopolies. This is not to say that that the WTO would be the correct venue for such a policy, rather it is say that we urgently need one.
The place to begin is with active enforcement and application of existing anti-trust and
anti-monopoly legislation in the US, EU, and in the many similar laws on their books. Once again, this is not as easy at widely seen as model country for anti-trust legislation,
other countries that have it sounds. While the US is enforcement has been
progressively weakening in recent IATP show that from October 1994
decades. Statistics to September 1996,
reported by Sophia Murphy of the USDA Grain Inspection and
Packers and violations of
Stockyards Administration (GIPSA) received over 2,000 complaints of GIPSA rules. GIPSA estimated that 800 of the complaints pointed to a clear
violation of the law, yet due to chronic funding, staffing and cases were investigated. Of these, only three were put forward
training shortages, only 84 for enforcement actions. 43
Such laws are only enforced as the result of mass movements. The great trust-busting of the late 1800s and early 1900s was driven by a mass movement of American farmers, and many of the big trusts of the time (railroads, meat-packing, petroleum, sugar, tobacco) were busted.44 Once again, in today’s world, we see farmer organizations taking the lead in calling for the regulation of the conglomerates they feel are strangling them. This time we also need the international review of multinational mergers and acquisitions as part of our multilateral machinery, so as to ensure that developing countries' food needs are not sacrificed to multinationals' interest in profits. Perhaps a global anti-monopoly agency is in order.