BANQUE SAUDI FRANSI
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS For the years ended December 31, 2008 and 2007 _______________________________________________________________________________________________
(ii) Loans and advances held at amortized cost
Loans and advances originated or acquired by the Bank that are not quoted in an active market and for which the fair value has not been hedged, are stated at amortised cost. For loans and advances which are hedged, the related portion of the hedged fair value is adjusted against the carrying amount.
For presentation purposes, impairment charge for credit losses is deducted from loans and advances.
k) Due from banks and other financial institutions
Due from banks and other financial institutions are financial assets which include money market placements with fixed or determinable payments and fixed maturities that are not quoted in an active market. Money market placements are not entered into with the intention of immediate or short-term resale. Due from banks and other financial institutions are initially measured at cost, being the fair value of the consideration given.
Following the initial recognition, due from banks and other financial institutions are stated at cost less any amount written off and provisions for impairment, if any.
Impairment of financial assets
A financial asset is classified as impaired when there is an objective evidence of impairment as a result of one or more events that occurred after the initial recognition of the asset and that a loss event(s) has an impact on the estimated future cash flows of the financial asset or group of financial assets that can be reliably estimated.
An assessment is made at each balance sheet date to determine whether there is objective evidence that a financial asset or group of financial assets may be impaired. If such evidence exists, the estimated recoverable amount of that asset is determined and any impairment loss, based on the net present value of future anticipated cash flows is recognized for changes in its carrying amounts as follows:
significant or prolonged decline in impairment loss cannot be reversed
sale financial assets, for equity investments held as available-for-sale, a fair value below its cost represents objective evidence of impairment. The through consolidated statement of income as long as the asset continues to be
recognised i.e. any increase in fair derecognition, any cumulative gain of income for the year.
value after impairment has been recorded can only be recognised in equity. On or loss previously recognised in equity is included in the consolidated statement
ii) For financial assets carried at amortized cost, the carrying amount of the asset is adjusted either directly or through the use of an allowance account and the amount of the adjustment is included in the consolidated statement of income.
A loan is classified as impaired when, in management’s opinion, there has been deterioration in credit quality to the extent that there is no longer reasonable assurance of timely collection of the full amount of principal and special commission income.
Impairment charge for credit losses, including those arising from sovereign risk exposure, is based upon the management's judgement of the adequacy of the provisions. Such assessment takes into account the composition and volume of the loans and advances, the general economic conditions and the collectability of the outstanding loans and advances. Considerable judgement by management is required in the estimation of the amount and timing of future cash flows when determining the level of provisions required. Such estimates are necessarily based on assumptions about several factors and actual results may differ resulting in future changes in such provisions.