areas of “engagement” were aimed at supporting Africa’s ability to deal with armed conflict and peace operations.7 They include pledges to help8:
Resolve the principal armed conflicts in Africa, such as in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Sudan, Angola and Sierra Leone within the next year (2003); assist disarmament, demobilization and reintegration programs; support post-conflict development in the Great Lakes Region and Sudan; and endorse UN Secretary-General proposals to set up contact groups and similar mechanisms to work with African countries to resolve specific African conflicts.
Provide technical and financial assistance to enable African countries and regional/sub- regional efforts to better prevent and resolve violent conflicts and undertake peace operations by 2010, including a joint plan by 2003 to further support that goal; train African forces and civilians for such efforts; and better coordinate the respective peacekeeping training initiatives.
Provide more effective peace-building support to societies emerging from or seeking to prevent armed conflicts, including African-led reconciliation efforts, pre-conflict and post-conflict initiatives, collaboration among donors and international institutions, DDR of former combatants, the collection and destruction of small arms, and addressing the special needs of women and children, including child soldiers.
The commitments also covered other aspects of conflict, including combating criminal networks, spoilers, landmines, and natural resource exploitation, and strengthening civilian protection. In particular, the G8 measures call to help9:
Better regulate arms brokers and traffickers (with the UN) to eliminate the flow of illicit weapons to and within Africa, use common guidelines to prevent the illegal supply of arms, and provide assistance in regional trans-border cooperation.
Eliminate and remove antipersonnel mines.
Address the link between armed conflict and natural resources exploitation (e.g., mineral resources, petroleum, timber and water), with civil society and others, through UN and other initiatives, voluntary control efforts such as the Kimberley Process for diamonds and principles of corporate social responsibility, better accountability and transparency in import or export of Africa's natural resources from areas of conflict, and promotion of regional management of trans- boundary natural resources (e.g., supporting the Congo Basin Initiative and trans-border river basin commissions.)
Protect and assist war-affected populations and facilitate implementation in Africa of UN Security Council resolutions relating to civilians, women and children in armed conflict; support African countries hosting, assisting and protecting large refugee populations.
Evian, 2003. The following year at the G8 Summit in Evian, peace operations drew even more emphasis with the follow-up “Implementation Report” to Leaders on the G8 Africa Action Plan, which was presented and endorsed with an annex on “Joint Africa/G8 Plan to Enhance African Capabilities to Undertake Peace
7 In the spring of 2004, the Government of Canada’s website on the G8 and African Action Plan stated that there will again be “a dedicated network of African Personal Representatives” at the Sea Island Summit. These Representatives were announced at the Genoa Summit in 2001, and worked with representatives of African Leaders to develop a G8 action plan in response to NEPAD. By mid-April 2004, the United States had not announced invitations to any African leaders for the 2004 Summit in Georgia.
Sections 1.1, 1.2, and 1.6 of the Africa Action Plan. Sections 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 and 1.7 of the Africa Action Plan.