Support Operations.”10 The Annex included an assessment of the G8 measures for peace and security, with more specific goals and achievements. (For example, the Annex pointed out that NEPAD focused on building African institutional capacity for early warning, prevention, management and resolution of conflict.)
The assessment focused on one area of the 2002 commitments (Section 1.2), however, where the G8 pledged to provide technical and financial assistance for an African capacity by 2010 for peace support operations. Further, it noted that G8 leaders agreed to pursue three “key, inter-related actions” to implement this commitment: 1) creation of a joint plan by 2003 for development of African capability to undertake peace support operations, including at the regional level; 2) training African peace support forces, including through the development of regional centers of excellence for military and civilian aspects of conflict prevention and peace support, such as the Kofi Annan International Peacekeeping Training Centre; and 3) coordinating better peacekeeping training initiatives.
Without referencing the other six Africa Action Plan sections on peace and security, the 2003 Annex report suggested measures to increase African capacity to prevent and resolve conflicts, and to run peace operations. These included establishing regional logistic depots, enhancing regional peace training centers, supporting joint exercises and regional peace efforts. The report argued that donors needed a database to track their activities in support of capacity development for complex peace operations and related activities. G8 and African partners were interested in accepting a UN offer to build a database on peacekeeping training assistance (originally set up in 1996, run by Training and Evaluation Service of DPKO) through a linked website.11 For the near term, added recommendations included:
African Union Consultation. Have an AU-hosted annual consultation on capacity building with donors, peace and security institution; and smaller experts meetings for more detailed strategies;
UN Linkages. Build support so the UN can continue outreach to the AU and also develop arrangements to partner on planning and strategic management capabilities (could also address options to fund African-led missions);
Stand-by High Readiness Brigade (SHIRBRIG) Links. Support the AU and regional organizations learning more about the SHIRBRIG as a model for the African Standby Force; and
Capacity Mapping. Development of the UN website.
The Evian report recognized actions by individual African states, the AU, some African regional organizations, the UN and individual donors (both G8 and non-G8) in the right direction. It also pointed out that increasing African capacity first required determining what was needed to meet the African goals – and then assessing current African state abilities, identifying capacities available to African peace support operations, identifying the gaps or weakness, and finally, determining how to fill those gaps. The Chairman’s Summary on Africa from Evian thus urged action on these items and review of these options no later than 2005. 12
10 Document available on the G8 website for Evian, at: http://www.g8.fr/evian/english/navigation/2003_g8_summit/summit_documents/implementation_report_by_africa_pe rsonal_representatives_to_leaders_on_the_g8_african_action_plan.html
11 12 At the UN website for DKPO’s TES, the section on the database is “under construction.” The Summary stated, “Our discussions with the Presidents of Algeria, Nigeria, Senegal and South Africa, the Leaders of countries represented on the NEPAD Steering Committee, demonstrated our common will to contribute to the development of Africa. We endorsed the report prepared by our Africa Personal Representatives. We agreed to widen our dialogue to other African Leaders on NEPAD and the G8 Africa Action Plan. We invite interested countries and relevant international institutions to appoint senior representatives to join this partnership. We will review progress on our Action Plan no later than 2005 on the basis of a report.” http://www.g8.fr/evian/english/navigation/2003_g8_summit/summit_documents/chair_s_summary.html