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programmes that enhance diversification of local economies resulting in brain drain are but a few examples of these negative effects.

  • In Africa, such policies need to increase regional and sub-regional integration to allow for the freer movement of labour and goods, matching regional labour supply and demands.

  • Gender equality strategies need to be at the forefront of the development of policy and programmes in this area.

6- Give greater access to information and involve youth concerning decisions that are being made to benefit them:

  • There are undeniably a number of issues that are affecting young people all over the African region, ranging from the exclusion of youth from the labor market as a whole, intimidation by the complexity of entrepreneurship, lack of availability in information, which is worsened by the inaccessibility of the information.

  • Better information sharing and dissemination needs to take place to mobilize youth around positive initiatives and facilitate global policy to local policy connections.

  • While the Internet is the most cost effective and fastest way to disseminate information very few Africans have access to it. The Youth Roundtable suggests the additional use of conventional medium such as radio (particularly useful at it reaching all types of people including poor and illiterate), pamphlets and newspapers.

7 – Pay particular attention to youth employment problems in the urban context:

  • The Youth Roundtable drew on some of their experiences from the cities of Dar es Salaam (Tanzania), Nairobi (Kenya), Bosaso (Somalia) and Windhoek, (Namibia) and feels it is essential to address youth employment challenges that are particular to cities. For example, there must be policy linkages in addressing slum development through youth employment initiatives.

  • Local economies need the support of their local governments. Too often small market places and informal economic activity is wiped out by urban planning and municipal directives. The effect can be devastating to small enterprises, on which youth are often very dependent for their meager incomes.

  • Gender equality strategies need to be at the forefront of the development of policy and programmes in this area.

8 – Address the special needs of youth at risk.

  • It is essential to have specific policies and solutions for creating employment for youth at risk, as their needs are quite different and specialized. The roundtable defined youth at risk as those youth who lack opportunities, education, proper housing and other support that is key to a young person’s development. This may include those young people living with HIV/AIDS and those living with a disability.

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